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28 February 2010

The Biggest Airport in Indonesia

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport is often called Cengkareng by Indonesians. The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from the name of the Cengkareng locality, a district situated to the northwest of the city.

Located about 20 km west of Jakarta, in Tangerang, Banten, Soekarno–Hatta airport began to operate in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (domestic flights) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta. Kemayoran Airport has since closed. Halim Perdanakusuma is still operating, serving mostly charters and military flights. Terminal 2 was opened in 1992.

The land area of the airport is 18 km². It has two independent parallel runways separated 2,400 m connected by two cross taxiways. There are three main terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for all domestic flights. Terminal 2 serves all international flights as well as all domestic flights. Terminal 3 Pier 1 is for domestic flights.

Terminal 1 and 2 are separated into 3 sub-terminals. Terminal 1A, 1B, and 1C are used for domestic flights by Indonesian airlines. Terminal 2D and 2E is for international flights. Terminal 2F is for domestic flights for Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.

Terminal 2D is for all international airlines served by PT Jasa Angkasa Semesta, one of the ground handlers in the airport. Terminal 2E and 2F are for all international airlines served by PT Gapura Angkasa.

Terminal 3 Pier 1 was opened in 2009. The whole Terminal 3 is expected with 5 piers and finished in 2020. Now Terminal 3 Pier 1 is for flights operated by AirAsia and Mandala Airlines.

The airport was designed by Paul Andreu, a French architect who also designed Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. One of the major characteristics of Soekarno–Hatta airport is the incorporation of the local vernacular architecture into the design, and the presence of tropical gardens in between the waiting lounges. However, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was noted for its beautiful landscaping: the airport was awarded the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture.[1]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has 150 check-in counters, 30 baggage carousels and 42 gates. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carrousels and 7 gates.

Angkasa Pura II is currently planning to build a new terminal with modern design features. Terminal 3 is being built for low-cost airlines, and already serves hajj flights and transnational migrant laborers.[2] There is a masterplan to make 5 passenger terminals + 1 hajj terminal and 4 runways. In 2009 the airport will be connected to Manggarai Station (future Jakarta central station) by a railway. To finance the expansion, the airport is collecting an Airport Tax of IDR 150,000 (approx $12 USD) for each international passenger and IDR 40,000 for each domestic passenger.

In May 2008, recognized Soekarno–Hatta International Airport as the 6th most punctual airport in the world with 86.3% of its flights departing on time, while 72.3% arriving ontime.[3] In December 2009, recognized Soekarno–Hatta International Airport as the 2nd most punctual airport in the world with 89.2% of its flights departing on time, while 84.2% arriving ontime.[4]

Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was the 35th busiest airport in 2004-2006, according to Airliners World magazine.

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