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20 April 2010

Batik: "Writing A Point"

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of Indonesian culture (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past to make their skills in batik making a livelihood, so that in the past, batik work is exclusively women's work until the invention of "Batik Cap" which allows the entry of men into the field. There are some exceptions to this phenomenon, namely the coastal batik which has a line of masculine as can be seen in the style of "Mega Overcast", which in some coastal areas is a common job for women making batik batik lelaki.Beberapa can show the status of a person. Even today, some traditional batik are only used by families of the palace of Yogyakarta and Surakarta.

History
This art of batik in Indonesia has been known since the days of work and developing the Majapahit kingdom and the kings of the next. Batik art became more widespread and particularly the people of Indonesia especially Javanese people after the end of eighteenth century and early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all until the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only after the world wars or the unity out around 1920. The connection with the spread of Islamic teachings. Many areas in Java batik centers are areas Batik students and then become a tool of economic perjaungan by figures pedangan Muslims against the Dutch economy. The word "batik" is derived from the combination of two words in Javanese: "Amba", which means "writing" and "point" which means "point".


How to Make
Batik originally made on material with white color made of cotton cloth called. Today batik is also made on other materials such as silk, polyester, rayon and other synthetic materials. Batik pattern is formed with a liquid wax using a tool called a canting for subtle motifs, or large-sized brush for a motive, so that the liquid wax to seep into the fabric fibers. Fabrics that have been painted with wax and then dyed with the desired color, usually starting from the colors of young. Immersion then taken to another motif with older or dark colors. After some time the coloring process, which has dibatik cloth dipped in chemicals to dissolve the wax.

Types of Batik
Batik Solo



Batik Cirebon




Batik Buketan - Pekalongan




Batik Madura

 
Indonesian batik, as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture, has been designated as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO since October 2, 2009.

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