19 October 2009
Jakarta - The Metropolis City
Special Region of Jakarta (DKI Jakarta, Jakarta Raya) is the capital of Indonesia. The city is the only one in Indonesia that has province-level status. Jakarta is located in the northwestern part of Java Island. Once known as the Sunda Kelapa / Kalapa (before 1527), Jayakarta (1527-1619), Batavia (1619-1942), and Djakarta (1942-1972).
In 2004, the area is approximately 740 km ² and a population of 8,792,000 inhabitants . Jakarta with metropolitan Jabotabek with a population of approximately 23 million inhabitants is the largest metropolitan areas in Indonesia or a sixth of the world. Jabotabek area now has been integrated with the Greater Bandung area, where Megapolis Jabotabek-Bandung Raya covering approximately 30 million people, which puts this region Megapolis second world, after Tokyo Megapolis.
Currently the entrance to the Jakarta International Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and Port of Tanjung Priok. Since the year 2004 under the leadership of Governor Sutiyoso, Jakarta has an integrated transportation modes, known as TransJakarta. In addition to the state court, Jakarta is also the headquarters of Bank Indonesia and the Indonesia Stock Exchange.
Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) is a cultural tourist areas in Jakarta. Located at coordinates 6 ° 18'6 .8 "S, 106 ° 53'47 .2" BT, in the middle there is a lake TMII depicting the great Indonesian archipelago in small form.
In Indonesia, almost every tribe has a shape and a different style buildings, not even a tribe rarely have more than one type of traditional buildings. Building or traditional architecture which they have always in the background by environmental conditions and culture owned. In TMII, the picture is realized through the Pavilion area, which represents tribes located in 26 provinces of Indonesia.
In the program "Enjoy Jakarta" in the year 2005, administration of tourism in developing shopping centers (known as "mall" or "plaza") contained in Jakarta. In addition to government and commercial center, the government also launched the Jakarta as a city of shopping, as well as Singapore and Tokyo. To realize Jakarta as a shopping destination, the government developed Casablanca-axis as the axis Satrio shopping. Jakarta is currently one of the cities in Asia which has many shopping centers. Several major shopping centers, among others; Mall of Indonesia, Mall Artha Gading, Puri Indah Mall, Mall Taman Anggrek , Mal Kelapa Gading, Mal Pondok Indah, Kelapa Gading Sports Mall, Plaza Semanggi, Plaza Senayan, One Pacific Place, Mangga Dua, and Plaza Indonesia. In shopping centers are attending various international franchises such as Starbucks, Sogo Department Store, fast food restaurant chain McDonalds. In addition, the company's national franchise companies also fills the shopping centers, such as Es Teler 77, J. Co, and noodle Gajah Mada. In addition to shopping centers luxury, Jakarta also has many traditional markets managed by PD Pasar Jaya, among others, the Tanah Abang market became the largest textile wholesale center in Southeast Asia. In addition, there is also a hypermarket is a middle-class spending trends in Jakarta, including Carrefour, Hypermart, Giant, Ranch Market, and Makro. For the scope of the environment, shopping centers are also available daily needs at affordable prices like Indomaret and Alfamart.