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31 January 2010

Five Biggest Temple in Indonesia

Borobudur Temple 

Borobudur temple is located in Magelang, Central Java, about 40 km from Yogyakarta. Borobudur Temple has 10 levels consisting of 6 levels of a square, circular level 3 circular and a main stupa as a peak. At every level there are several stupas. Altogether there are 72 domes in addition to the main stupa. In every stupa there is a statue of Buddha. Ten levels of Buddhist philosophy which describes the ten levels of Bodhisattva which must pass to reach the perfection of the Buddha in nirvana. This perfection symbolized by the main stupa at the top level. Borobudur structure when viewed from above form a mandala structure depicting Buddhist cosmology and the human thinking.

Prambanan Temple

Prambanan temple is incredibly beautiful building built in the 10th century during the reigns of two kings, and Rakai Rakai Pikatan Balitung. Rose as high as 47 feet (5 meters higher than Borobudur temple), the establishment of this temple has fulfilled the desire maker, shows the triumph of Hinduism in Java. This temple is located 17 kilometers from the city center, in the middle of the area that is now a beautiful park. There is a legend that Javanese people always tell about this temple. Once, a man named Bandung Bondowoso loved Roro Jonggrang. Because no love, Jonggrang asked Bondowoso make 1000 temples with statues in one night. The request was nearly fulfilled before Jonggrang asked the villagers to pound rice and make a big fire that formed as the morning air. New Bondowoso can make 999 statues cursed Jonggrang into the statue in 1000 because he felt cheated. Prambanan temple has 3 main temples in the main yard, namely Vishnu, Brahma, and Shiva. These three temples are symbols of Trimurti in Hindu belief. All of them face east. Each main temple has accompanying temple facing to the west, namely Nandini for Shiva, Swan to Brahma, and Garuda for Vishnu. In addition, there are still squeeze 2 temple, the temple curtain 4, and 4 corner temples. Meanwhile, the second field had 224 temples.

Mendut Temple 

Mendut temple is a Buddhist background. This temple is located in the village Mendut Mungkid district, Magelang regency, Central Java, a few kilometers from Borobudur temple. Mendut founded during the reign of King Indra Sailendra dynasty. In the inscription of bertarikh Karangtengah 824 AD, mentioned that the king Indra has built shrine called veluvana which means bamboo forests. By a Dutch archaeologist named J.G. de Casparis, these words related to Mendut. Actual temple building materials are brick covered with natural stone. The building is located on a high basement, which looks more elegant and sturdy. Climbed the stairs and the entrance facing southwest. In the basement there are surrounding the hall of the temple body. The roof and decorated three-story with small stupas. The number of small stupas built now is 48 pieces.

Muaro Jambi Temple

Size Muaro Jambi temple site of 12 square kilometers, an area of Buddhist worship in the days of Srivijaya kingdom. Muaro enshrinement site is located in the village of Jambi Jambi Muaro, District Muaro Sebo, Muara Jambi. The distance from the capital of Jambi province around 40 kilometers. The complex is not far from the Batang Hari river basin. To get there, could take or use land routes through river speedboat. First discovered by British soldiers named SC Crooke in 1820, when he was assigned to map the Batanghari River. Temple Muaro Jambi chose the 80-temple, the nine major temples. There are nine major temples: Temple Kotomahligai, Kedaton temple, temples and Gedong Gedong one two, Gumpung Temple, Temple High, Telago Rajo, Stone Temple and the Temple of the Twin Astano. Gedong A unique count Muaro temple complex in Jambi. Not known exactly when this temple was built. Size pages about 500an square meters, consists of the main building and the gate. The shape is very different from most temples in Java. Temple was made of natural stone, but of brick. In each of red brick, there are relief sculptures. Some of these bricks is stored in the museum.

Candi Sewu 

Sewu Temple is located in the hamlet of Bener, Bugisan village, district of Prambanan, Klaten regency, Central Java province. In the past this temple was in the middle of residential population dense enough. Now some have been cleared for the location of Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan Prambanan Unit. Thus Sewu Temple is now located in Unit Park neighborhood of Prambanan, precisely north of Prambanan Temple. This temple is located about eighteen miles east of the city of Yogyakarta. In 1960, the temple complex has been found Sewu inscription dated 714 C or 792 F, whose contents include mention of the holy building improvements called Manjus'rigra. Based on these inscriptions, allegedly the original name is Sewu Temple which means house Manjus'rigra Manjusri, Boddhisatawa That is one of the Buddhist religion. About the year until the new building is currently not known for certain, but certainly before the year 792 AD is known as the year the building improvements. Kelurak inscription which dated AD 782 found in the barn near the temple a few hundred meters from the Temple Sewu, according to R. Associated with Soekmono Sewu Temple. These inscriptions do not mention clearly the name of the king who ordered these holy buildings. However other data allegedly began Sewu Temple was founded at the end of the reign of Rakai Panangkaran, a great king of the ancient Mataram kingdom who ruled in 746-784 AD. 

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1 comment:

sheshel said...

Borobudur temple is one of Indonesia's cultural heritage which must be maintained

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